March 22, 2023
min read
Written by: 
Nikolaus Hilgenfeldt

Permanent Working Capital - Everything You Need To Know

Are you a business owner who needs help keeping up with your company's day-to-day expenses? 

Do you find yourself in need of funds to cover payroll, inventory, and other essential costs?

If so, it's time to think about permanent working capital.

It's a crucial part of any successful business, but it can be challenging to obtain or manage.

It can also be quite confusing to understand the difference between working capital, net working capital, and temporary or permanent capital.

Sounds terrifying, right?

In today’s article, we'll cover everything you need to know about permanent working capital, including why it's important and the key factors you should consider before taking out a loan to improve it.

So, if you're ready to learn more about how permanent working capital can help your business thrive, keep reading!

What Is Permanent Working Capital?

If you think of your business as a machine, working capital is like the oil that keeps all the gears running smoothly.

It allows you to pay bills, manage inventory, and run your operations efficiently. 

But did you know that there are different types of working capital, each of which can be useful during various stages of your business activities?

One subcategory of working capital is operational capital, which we can divide into two categories: 

  • Permanent working capital
  • Temporary working capital

This difference depends on the operating cycle and the balance sheet, which we will discuss further down the text.

Permanent working capital is also known as Fixed working capital or Hard core working capital.

It is the portion of working capital that is permanently locked up in current assets to ensure the company's smooth operation.

Furthermore, it represents the minimum amount of current assets needed to keep the company running efficiently throughout the year.


For better understanding, here is how to distinguish working capital from permanent working capital:

💡  Working capital refers to the funds a business needs to carry out its daily operations, including paying suppliers, employees, and other expenses.

💡 Permanent working capital refers to the minimum working capital required to maintain a business's operations in the long run, regardless of its current assets and liabilities.

Types Of Permanent Working Capital

We can divide Permanent working capital into two subtypes:

1. Regular Working Capital – The minimum working capital needed to maintain cash flow is enough to buy materials, make inventory, turn inventory into profits, buy more materials, etc.

2. Reserve Margin Working – Simply represents the additional funds available beyond the normal working capital. These funds are kept separate for emergencies such as strikes, natural disasters, etc.

The Difference between Permanent and Temporary Working Capital

Permanent working capital includes funds required to maintain inventory, pay salaries and rent, and cover other regular expenses in the ordinary course of business. 

It is typically financed through long-term means such as equity or debt.

Temporary working capital, on the other hand, is the money a company needs to get through temporary dips in revenue caused by things like seasonal demand or unforeseen costs.

You can obtain temporary working capital through short-term sources of capital, such as a line of credit or a short-term loan.

To guarantee that you can always meet your operational and financial obligations, it is preferable to have a mix of both permanent and temporary working capital.


Why Is Permanent Working Capital Important?

Permanent working capital is vital for a business to maintain its operations continuously. 

It represents the bare minimum of working capital, defined as the current assets over current liabilities required to run a business even during the most challenging times.

For example, if a business does not have enough cash to pay its suppliers or employees, it may be forced to close its doors.

Permanent working capital also plays a crucial role in a business's ability to grow and expand. 

With sufficient permanent working capital, a company may have the resources to invest in new equipment, expand its facilities, or hire additional staff.

What Factors Impact Permanent Working Capital

Several factors can impact a company's permanent working capital requirements.

These are the most common ones:

Industry ✔️ –  Depending on their specific business operations, various sectors require varying amounts of working capital. Trading and retail companies require less working capital than manufacturers due to their shorter operating cycles.

Wholesalers' operating cycles are longer due to their larger inventory and credit terms..

Seasonality ✔️ – If your business experiences seasonal fluctuations in demand it may require additional temporary working capital to support your operations during peak seasons.

Growth ✔️ If you wish to expand your business, you may need additional permanent working capital to fund your expansion.

Credit Policies ✔️ Consider a scenario in which your company offers its clients extended payment terms. 

In that case, you might require extra working capital while you wait for payment.

Operating Efficiency ✔️ Companies that can manage their inventory, receivables, and payables effectively may require less permanent working capital than those that do not.

Inflation ✔️ – When prices go up, so do the costs of production. This means more money needs to be set aside as working capital.

You can improve cash flow by raising product prices. Remember that rising prices can affect a company's working capital in many ways.

How To Manage Permanent Working Capital

Effective management of permanent working capital is crucial for a business to maintain its ongoing operations and support its growth

Interest rates, market demand for company output, economic status, currency rate, and seasons (or market trends) all significantly affect working capital management. 

Because of the interdependence of these factors, managing working capital is a complex task that takes a great deal of attention.

Here are some strategies for managing permanent working capital:

1. Analyze and forecast – A company's permanent working capital needs can be determined by accurate demand and cash flow forecasts.This can help you efficiently plan and ensure adequate resources.

2. Inventory Management Optimizing inventory levels frees up capital and resources. Overstocking only makes sense if it saves money or reduces taxes.

3. Receivables Management – You can improve cash flow and reduce working capital by getting customer payments faster.

4. Payables Management – By negotiating favorable payment terms with suppliers, you can extend your payment period and free up cash for other needs.

5. Cash Management – Also, you can improve your cash flow and reduce permanent working capital requirements by optimizing cash balances and minimizing idle cash.

6. Risk Management – Consider what could go wrong with your business, such as demand changes or supply chain issues, and make sure you have enough permanent working capital to handle them.

How to Improve Permanent Working Capital

There are many ways in which a working capital loan can help your business succeed.

First and foremost, it can give you access to the capital you need to keep your company running.

To expand, a company may be interested in taking out a working capital loan in order to capitalize on unforeseen business opportunities. Possible choices include:

1. Asset-based financing uses the company's assets, such as accounts receivable or inventory, as collateral to secure a loan.

2. Equity financing means raising funds by selling ownership shares in the company to investors.

3. Debt financing involves borrowing money from lenders like banks or other financial institutions.

Key Factors to Consider Before Taking Out a Loan for Permanent Working Capital

Taking a loan can be a smart move for a business. Still, it's essential to carefully consider the following critical factors before doing so:

🎯 Need for Working Capital – Before applying for a loan, you must figure out if you need extra working capital. Analyze the cash flow carefully and determine how much working capital is needed to keep the business running.

🎯 Repayment Terms – The repayment terms of a loan can significantly impact your business's finances. Carefully review the interest rate, payment schedule, and other terms and conditions of the loan to ensure that you can meet those requirements. 

🎯 Cost of Capital – The cost of capital is the cost of borrowing money, so you should carefully consider the cost of the loan relative to the expected returns the business generates. Also, analyze the potential return on investment to justify the loan cost.

🎯 Collateral Some loans require collateral, an asset the lender can seize if you fail to repay the loan.  

🎯 Credit Score – The availability and cost of certain loans are highly dependent on the credit history of the prospective borrower. So if you have a poor credit history, try to improve it or find a loan that doesn't require a credit check.

The Pros and Cons of Obtaining a Loan for Permanent Working Capital

If you take a working capital loan, you will surely experience specific advantages and drawbacks. Here we listed the most essential ones:


✅Stability – By having permanent working capital, you can maintain stable operations, regardless of revenue fluctuations.

✅ Flexibility –  Permanent working capital makes a business more flexible in responding to unexpected expenses or opportunities.

✅ Reduced Risk –  Having a consistent funding source helps reduce the risk of financial instability or bankruptcy.

✅ Improved Creditworthiness that will make you a more stable and reliable borrower.


❌ Loans for permanent working capital often come with higher interest rates than other types of financing, which can increase the overall cost of borrowing.

❌ Some loans may require collateral, which can put your business's assets at risk.

❌ Taking on more debt can add to a business's financial problems and make it harder for it to invest in growth or other projects.


Working capital (including permanent working capital) is critical to every business.

Without it, you can't pay your employees, buy stock, invest in growth, or do other things that keep your company running. 

Nonetheless, almost every company faces a shortfall at some point, and business finance has become far more challenging to obtain, particularly in today's changing economy.

A working capital loan is a specialized loan that covers your day-to-day operating expenses.

Compared to other business loans, you don't need to state the purpose of the borrowing because the loan will be short-term and obviously intended to cover a cash flow problem or an urgent growth investment.

And if you are not sure where to start, we suggest you consider the Myos company as a tried-and-true business that can make all that a reality.

How Can Myos Help You?

Myos is a financing partner that assists sellers all over the globe in accelerating their growth.

They provide working capital loans ranging from £100,000 to £2,500,000 with monthly fees ranging from 1% to 3% of the loan amount.

You have 24 months to repay the loan however you see fit.

Furthermore, when working with a provider like Myos, merchants will share the risk with Myos rather than taking on the personal guarantee.


Asset-based financing through Myos is a simple way for merchants to get the necessary working capital, with Stock or Purchase financing.

It requires few documents, has flexible payment plans, and doesn't involve annuities and extensive credit checks.


Sign up with Myos today and find a perfect financing solution that is just right for your business!


What Is The Difference Between Permanent and Temporary Working Capital?

Permanent working capital is a level of current assets that must be kept and essential for the company to carry on its business regardless of operation levels. 

While temporary working capital pertains to working capital that is in addition to permanent working capital.

How Is Permanent Working Capital Typically Financed?

Permanent working capital must be funded with long-term capital sources such as equity or preference shares, debentures, long-term loans, and the business's retained earnings.

Keep Learning

What is a Working Capital Loan - A Small Business Guide

4 Tips To Effectively Do Inventory Management

Net Working Capital vs Working Capital: What's the Difference?

Also interesting

This is some text inside of a div block.